The major sporting events generally cause concern on the violations of human rights that they might produce. Brazil, where the last Confederation Cup was held in 2013, and that will host the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, will be the subject of those concerns too. Indeed, this South American country is particularly concerned by the sexual commercial exploitation of children. After a brief analysis of the Brazilian context, we will analyse the specific risks that those major sporting events might cause.
For the first time, the potential correlation between major sporting events and the human trafficking for sexual exploitation has appeared during the Athens Olympic Games in 2004. Since then, the question has regularly been raised during big sportive events. If this link proves to be true, would it also be true for cases of sexual commercial exploitation of children ? It seems complicated to find real evidence of this connection. Yet, should we ignore that potentiality ? Those different points are analysed in this text, while also trying to show how those events are an opportunity to raise awareness on the issue.
The use of the Internet has considerably increased during the last couple of years. While new technologies offer incredible opportunities, they also expose children to online threats such as grooming. What does this really mean? This analysis tries to describe the phenomenon and the new legal provisions recently adopted in Belgium to protect children from online grooming.
This year marks the 25th years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. But yet, has it made effective progress on the fight against sexual commercial exploitation of children in Belgium ? Many factors - such as new technologies, globalisation, increasing tourism and the economic crisis - challenge this fight. How does Belgium tackle the issue ? This analysis sheds light on the Belgian legal situation, but also on the measures that have been implemented. It questions the challenges that our country faces and the potential solutions that could help fighting, in a more effective way, those violations of the rights of the child.
Webcam child sex tourism is a new form of sexual exploitation of children and has been increasing recently, facilitated by the new technologies (Internet, TOR network), globalisation and the economic crisis. The physical, psychological and social consequences are as catastrophic as the other forms of sexual commercial exploitation of children. An appropriate legislation, as well as an effective coordination are essential to raise awareness of the general public and inform all sectors that are likely to be in contact with predators and child victims.
The sexual exploitation of children in travel and tourism has been increasing over the years. To that end, the Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from sexual exploitation in Travel and Tourism has been created in 1998. However, despite the signing of the text by more than 1000 companies over the world, the current estimates show that one out of ten travelers will exploit minors sexually while travelling. This analysis questions the real impact of the Code. After presenting its content, it gives an overview of its loopholes while proposing potential solutions to make sure the Code remains a pioneering tool in the future.
It is still a reality unknown by many, but nowadays, Senegal is all together a country of origin, transit and destination for sexual commercial exploitation of children. Many factors explain this situation, but despite their identification and the implementation of a whole set of services by the Senegalese government, the phenomenon continues to spread. Is it leading to a dead end though ? No ! This analysis highlights the numerous initiatives and projects that could make a difference and reverse the trend.
Child sex tourisme remains an issue for the Senegalese government. This reality involves Belgians as Belgian citizens represent the second most present nationality of tourists in the African country. It is therefore interesting to take a closer look on the profile of those travelers attracted by destinations where children are most vulnerable. At present, the vast majority of them remains unpunished. Although, every traveler going to Senegal can act to help restraining the increase of this phenomenon.
Research on minors in situation of prostitution is very limited in Belgium. This has direct consequences on the strategies and the policies that are, or that should be conducted in terms of prevention and victims protection. Cases of minors involved in prostitution are detected every year, but there is no way to know if those are representative. This analysis wishes to show which points should be further analysed, both concerning the profiles of those who prostitute themselves and the general scope of the phenomenon.
On November 6th, ECPAT Belgium and its partners have launched a new website to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children, in Belgium or abroad. This analysis briefly sets the context of this tool and explains how to use it.
"Every day, adults take decisions for young people without consulting them" said a 17-year old member of « Youth Force». While the role played by different stakeholders in the fight against commercial sexual exploitation of children has been studied, very few research has been done on child participation within this fight. However, children and youth are directly affected by this problem and are the first concerned and impacted by the protection measures. This analysis explores the role of child participation in the fight against commercial sexual exploitation of children and how this participation can be implemented.
In order to avoid revictimisation of children victims of sexual exploitation during the criminal procedure, the legal system has to be adapted to the age and maturity of children as well as provide them with a familiar environment. Which measures have been set up in Belgium to assist and protect children victims of sexual exploitation in the criminal procedure? Which are the possible improvements? These are questions at the heart of this analysis.
To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, ECPAT Belgium issues a study on the implementation of actions against commercial sexual exploitation of children in Belgium.
This report lists the existing measures to prevent and protect children from sexual exploitation at the national level, underlining the progress made since 1989 but also the persisting gaps. A specific focus has been set on the coordination between stakeholders as well as on the participation of children in prevention actions.
ECPAT Belgium calls for more initiatives from the Belgian government to actively fight against commercial sexual exploitation of children and lists a couple of recommendations at the end of the report: the adoption of a national plan of action against CSEC; improving the training of front line workers coming into contact with potential CSEC victims; increasing support for victims of sexual exploitation and trafficking; and increasing child and youth participation in the fight against CSEC.