Analyses

In the Shadows of the Internet: Child Sexual Abuse Materials in the Darknets June 2015

Darknets are private networks guaranteeing anonymity to their users for different activities, among them file sharing. The common philosophy adopted in this underground of the Internet being a complete rejection of any censorship, these networks are also used for the exchange and dissemination of child sexual abuse materials. Because of their hidden nature, they represent a constant challenge for law enforcement forces. Exploration of the dark face of the Internet...

Child Sexual Abuse Materials and the Internet: Challenges for the Law Enforcement Agencies June 2015

Even if the extent of child sexual abuse materials on the Internet is difficult to evaluate, experts agree on the fact that it is huge and will increase in the years to come. Consequently, this second analysis on child sexual abuse materials and the Internet is focused on challenges faced by law enforcement agencies to quantify this phenomenon and find new materials but also on measures set up at the national, European and international level.

Child Sexual Abuse Materials and the Internet: Influences and Motives of CSAM users online June 2015

Since their very beginning, new technologies have been used to perpetrate crimes related to child sexual abuse. Indeed, they provide for an ideal environment for the production, acquisition, possession and distribution of child sexual abuse materials, while guaranteeing anonymity to their users. Moreover, they allow individuals having a sexual attraction for children to meet, share their experience and find justifications to their deviant behaviour.

This analysis is the first part of a diptych dedicated to child sexual abuse materials on the Internet. It aims at throwing a closer look on the motives, influences and interactions between users of child sexual abuse materials and the justifications they use to minimize their behaviour.

The role of the guardian in the protection of unaccompanied foreign minors victims of trafficking in Belgium April 2015

In May 2004, Belgium has introduced a Law on Guardianship to ensure legal representation to unaccompanied foreign minors. The role of the guardian goes beyond simple legal assistance as he is responsible for the well-being of the minor. Consequently, he is very well placed to detect and help young people victims of trafficking. The advantages and forthcomings of the guardianship system in the protection of child victims of trafficking are at the heart of this analysis.

The lack of protection of young European migrants. Findings and recommendations of Mario II project April 2015

The transition of Central and Southern Eastern Europe countries towards a market economy, combined with the freedom of movement of people/goods has pushed young people on the roads towards Western Europe. However, these young migrants are at-risk of being trafficked. Upon arrival in another EU country, they have no guarantee of being protected by the national protection systems, more focused on (third-country) nationals and often excluding migrants from the EU. This analysis presents the Mario II project aiming at raising awareness of policy-makers on the difficulties faced by these young migrants and formulating recommendations for improvements.

Study

Fighting impunity of transnational child sex offenders. What is the impact of the Belgian extraterritorial legislation?

Twenty years ago, Belgium passed a law facilitating the prosecution of transnational child sex offenders before Belgian courts. This tool reflects the willingness to take firm action against those who were called “child sex tourists”.

However, what is the real impact of this law? How many offenders have been prosecuted? What were the successes and challenges of the legal procedures? And finally, is one law enough? These are some of the many elements discussed in this study which seeks to be accessible to both the general public and professionals.