Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) is a fundamental violation of children’s rights, internationally recognized by the article 34 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (See the Convention on the Rights of the Child, click here).

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children is defined as sexual abuse where any form of compensation in cash or in kind is made to the child or a third person(s). The child is treated as a sexual and commercial object. There are three primary interrelated forms of commercial sexual exploitation of children: child prostitution, child pornography and trafficking of children for sexual purposes. Other forms include child-sex tourism, and in some cases, child marriage.

It is difficult to determine the true number of child commercial sexual exploitation given its illegal nature. However, the ILO estimates that as many as 1.8 million children are exploited in commercial sex or pornography worldwide.